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Counselling Approaches for Balanced Teen Digital Use

In today’s digital era, teenagers are often immersed in a world where screens and technology are omnipresent

In today’s digital era, teenagers are often immersed in a world where screens and technology are omnipresent. While technological advancements can bring about numerous benefits, digital overuse among adolescents has raised concerns regarding their mental health and overall well-being. As counsellors, addressing teenage digital overuse requires a nuanced approach that combines empathy, understanding, and effective strategies.

Understanding the Problem

Teenage digital overuse can encompass, but is not limited to, excessive screen time, addiction to social media, gaming, and constant connection to the internet. This behaviour can lead to mental health issues such as anxiety, depression, disrupted sleep patterns, decreased physical activity, and strained relationships. Hence, recognising the signs and impact of this overuse is crucial in providing effective counselling. This article will discuss various counselling approaches that can be considered when dealing with issues on digital overuse among teenagers.

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT):

  • According to research, most interventions targeting issues of digital overuse in teenagers were cognitive behavioural therapies (CBT; Ding & Li, 2023). CBT is an effective approach that helps teenagers identify and modify negative thought patterns and behaviours in relation to excessive digital use. The CBT process can involve identifying triggers, developing coping mechanisms, and reshaping their relationship with technology through gradual exposure and behavioral interventions.

Mindfulness-Based Interventions:

  • eaching mindfulness techniques equips teenagers with tools to manage stress, anxiety, and impulsivity associated with excessive screen time. Specifically, mindfulness-based interventions are found to be highly effective in helping teenagers cope with digital overuse by fostering awareness, resilience and a healthier relationship with screens (Tang & Lee, 2021). Mindfulness exercises, such as deep breathing or guided meditation, can help cultivate awareness, allowing teens to make conscious choices about their tech usage.

Family Therapy:

  • Involving families in counselling sessions fosters open communication and healthy boundaries around technology. This approach educates parents and guardians on setting limits, promoting balance, and modeling responsible tech use, creating a supportive environment for teens to make positive changes. By involving the family in the process, family therapy aims to create a supportive environment that encourages responsible and mindful technology use.

It is important to note that providing counselling for teenagers struggling with excessive digital use requires a multifaceted approach that acknowledges both the benefits and drawbacks of technology. By employing various counseling methods like CBT, mindfulness-based interventions and family therapy, counsellors can empower adolescents to develop a balanced relationship with technology, fostering improved mental health and well-being.

Remember, these approaches serve as a guide, and the effectiveness of counselling strategies may vary based on each teenager’s unique circumstances. Empathy, patience, and ongoing support are pivotal in guiding adolescents toward healthy and mindful digital habits, facilitating their journey towards a more balanced digital lifestyle.



  • Ding, K., & Li, H. (2023). Digital Addiction Intervention for Children and Adolescents: A scoping review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health20(6), 4777. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph20064777
  • Tang, A. C., & Lee, R. L. (2021). Effects of a group mindfulness-based cognitive programme on smartphone addictive symptoms and resilience among adolescents: Study protocol of a cluster-randomized controlled trial. BMC Nursing20(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12912-021-00611-5

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About the author Xin Xuan:

Xin Xuan is a professional counsellor and behaviour therapist specialising in evidence-based modalities such as cognitive behavioural therapy, acceptance & commitment therapy, motivational interviewing, applied behaviour analysis therapy, play therapy, and more.